Sleep bruxism, more commonly known as tooth grinding, is a condition where one grinds or clenches their teeth unconsciously while sleeping. Depending on the particular study, anywhere from 10-30% of the population can be affected by this condition. Should bruxism be severe and frequent enough, it can lead to jaw disorder(s), headaches, damaged teeth, and other problems. There is not one singular cause for bruxism and as such, current solutions act more as a temporary measure to minimize damage rather than address the issue itself. For example, common dental solutions include using a mouth guard and, in some cases, undergoing dental correction. Similar to treatments, medication serves mostly as a reactionary measure where they attempt to address issues and complications that arise from bruxism.
# Solution Overview
The goal of this project is to develop a two part system: detection and prevention. The main objective is to take on a more active role of addressing the condition rather than addressing consequences of the condition. The detection part will consist of a variety of sensors and the prevention part will have user feedback and data processing/storage.
# Solution Components
## Detection System
### EMG Circuit
We plan to use an EMG (electromyography) circuit to detect muscle contraction of the jaw. The data coming out of said circuit would be processed through an ADC and then be saved into a micro-controller in order to be viewed later.
A mapping will need to be created in order to translate the data into a readable format and useful data for later viewing. Most likely, we will create a feature that will transmit this data to a PC.
## Prevention System
Should teeth clenching be detected, an alarm system and a muscle stimulator will be activated. The muscle stimluator aims to relax the muscles around the jaw.
## Power Subsystem
The entire system will be powered through an outlet in the wall given the fact that the system should optimally be on through an entire night and ideally for multiple nights in a row.
# Criterion for Success
Demonstration can include a participant grinding their teeth, getting feedback from the prevention portion of the system, and then viewing the data after. Criterion for success would simply be the aforementioned steps working as intended.