Project

# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
16 Intelligent fire protection ecosystem
Honglei Zhu
Jiawei Zhu
Xiaohua Ding
Yiyang Liu
design_document1.pdf
design_document2.pdf
final_paper1.pdf
final_paper2.pdf
proposal1.pdf
proposal2.pdf
proposal3.pdf
video1.mp4
Yu Lin
#TEAM MEMBERS:
- Honglei Zhu
- Jiawei Zhu (jiawei6)
- Xiaohua Ding (xiaohua5)
- Yiyang Liu (yiyang24)

# PROBLEM

Traditional fire protection systems often rely on outdated equipment and simplistic detection methods, leading to inefficiencies and potential safety hazards. Current smoke sensors, sound alarms, and manual alarm buttons lack the sophistication needed to accurately detect and respond to fire incidents promptly. Additionally, conventional systems may suffer from high rates of false alarms, causing unnecessary disruptions and desensitizing occupants to genuine threats.

Moreover, the limited capabilities of traditional systems hinder their ability to adapt to evolving fire risks and environments. With the increasing complexity of modern buildings and the prevalence of diverse fire hazards, there is a growing need for intelligent fire protection solutions that can analyze fire information comprehensively, distinguish genuine threats from false alarms, and transmit critical fire signals remotely to safeguard lives and property effectively.

# SOLUTION OVERVIEW

Enhance the efficiency of conventional fire alarm apparatus while modernizing standard smoke sensors, auditory and visual alert systems, and manual alarm activation mechanisms. This advanced system is equipped with the capability to meticulously analyze data derived from fire sensors, enabling precise determination of fire occurrences. Additionally, it facilitates remote transmission of fire alerts, thereby ensuring swift responses to potential hazards, ultimately safeguarding both lives and property.

# SOLUTION COMPONENTS

## BLUETOOTH CONTROL SYSTEM:

- Apply a user-friendly mobile application interface for remote control and monitoring of the fire protection system via Bluetooth connectivity.

- Implement secure Bluetooth communication protocols to ensure data integrity

## CIRCUIT SYSTEM:

- Design and prototype circuit boards to integrate various sensors, alarms, and communication modules into a cohesive system.

- Conduct rigorous testing and optimization of circuit designs to ensure reliability and efficiency in operation under different environmental conditions.

## SENSOR SYSTEM:

- Research and select advanced smoke sensors with improved detection capabilities.

- Integrate additional sensors for detecting environmental factors like temperature, humidity, and gas levels to enhance fire detection accuracy.

## PHYSICAL APPEARANCE SYSTEM:

- Design aesthetically pleasing enclosures and housings for the fire protection system components, considering factors such as durability, ease of installation, and maintenance.

- Incorporate visual indicators and status lights into the design to provide intuitive feedback to users about the system's operational status.

## DATA ANALYSIS SYSTEM:

- Develop algorithms for real-time analysis of sensor data to accurately detect and classify fire incidents while minimizing false alarms.

- Implement data logging and storage mechanisms to maintain a record of fire events and system performance for later analysis and optimization.

## USER INTERFACE SYSTEM:

- Design intuitive interfaces for both physical control panels and mobile applications to facilitate user interaction with the fire protection system.

- Conduct usability testing and gather feedback to refine the user interface design for enhanced user experience and accessibility.

# CRITERION FOR SUCCESS

## RELIABILITY AND ACCURACY:
The system should demonstrate consistent and accurate fire detection capabilities, minimizing false alarms while promptly identifying genuine fire incidents.

## REMOTE ACCESSIBILITY
Users should be able to access and control the fire protection system remotely via Bluetooth connectivity or mobile application, ensuring timely response and management of fire-related emergencies.

## ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Energy consumption should be optimized to maximize battery life and minimize environmental impact, ensuring continuous operation even during power outages.

## COMPLIANCE AND SAFETY
The system should meet or exceed industry standards and regulatory requirements for fire protection, ensuring the safety of occupants and compliance with legal obligations.

## RELIABLE COMMUNICATION
The communication system should demonstrate high reliability and resilience, ensuring seamless transmission of fire alerts and system status updates to designated recipients in real-time.

# DELIVERABLES

- Fire alarm signal remote reminder, alarm signal transmission to cell phone applet and cell phone SMS reminder

- Linkage control between devices, detecting the fire signal can be linked to trigger the sound and light alarms.

- A variety of fire information collection, carbon monoxide, smoke concentration, temperature sensor specific values, human infrared signal detection, comprehensive analysis of big data to reduce the probability of false alarm trigger

- Development of fire information feedback platform, a fire alarm signal can be analyzed according to the data of a variety of detectors, to build fire models

- Design a fire control host, able to unify control

# DISTRIBUTION OF WORK

- ME Student Xiaohua Ding and Honglei Zhu perform product design and design shelves for final display.

- EE Student Jiawei Zhu and Yiyang Liu is responsible for writing Bluetooth transmission programs and designing the virtual circuits associated with them.

- All team members are involved in PCB soldering, circuit debugging and assembly.

Assistive Chessboard

Featured Project

Problem: It can be difficult for a new player to learn chess, especially if they have no one to play with. They would have to resort to online guides which can be distracting when playing with a real board. If they have no one to play with, they would again have to resort to online games which just don't have the same feel as real boards.

Proposal: We plan to create an assistive chess board. The board will have the following features:

-The board will be able to suggest a move by lighting up the square of the move-to space and square under the piece to move.

-The board will light up valid moves when a piece is picked up and flash the placed square if it is invalid.

-We will include a chess clock for timed play with stop buttons for players to signal the end of their turn.

-The player(s) will be able to select different standard time set-ups and preferences for the help displayed by the board.

Implementation Details: The board lights will be an RGB LED under each square of the board. Each chess piece will have a magnetic base which can be detected by a magnetic field sensor under each square. Each piece will have a different strength magnet inside it to ID which piece is what (ie. 6 different magnet sizes for the 6 different types of pieces). Black and white pieces will be distinguished by the polarity of the magnets. The strength and polarity will be read by the same magnetic field sensor under each square. The lights will have different colors for the different piece that it is representing as well as for different signals (ie. An invalid move will flash red).

The chess clock will consist of a 7-segment display in the form of (h:mm:ss) and there will be 2 stop buttons, one for each side, to signal when a player’s turn is over. A third button will be featured near the clock to act as a reset button. The combination of the two stop switches and reset button will be used to select the time mode for the clock. Each side of the board will also have a two toggle-able buttons or switches to control whether move help or suggested moves should be enabled on that side of the board. The state of the decision will be shown by a lit or unlit LED light near the relevant switch.