Project

# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
20 Touch Controlled Programmable DC Power Supply Circuit
Chaoli Xia
Sichen Wang
Weisong Shi
Yiyi Wang
design_document1.pdf
final_paper2.pdf
final_paper3.pdf
proposal2.pdf
Aili Wang
# MEMBERS:
- **Weisong Shi** weisong4
- **Chaoli Xia** chaolix2
- **Yiyi Wang** yiyi4
- **Sichen Wang** sichenw2

# TITLE:
**Touch Controlled Programmable DC Power Supply Circuit**

# PROBLEM:
Numerous electronic devices are powered by varying DC voltage levels. For instance, cell phones, watches, and Kindles all require a 5V voltage adapter, whereas a laptop adapter supplies the motherboard with 12V. There are a variety of models, standards, and power supply methods for electronic devices, which can make powering them both inconvenient and problematic. Accommodating these diverse standards can be challenging. So in this project, we aim to build an intuitive, touch-controlled and programmable DC power supply to avoid the limitations.

# SOLUTION OVERVIEW:
The aim of this project is to develop printed circuit board (PCB) level touch-controlled programmable DC power supply circuits that can accommodate these diverse DC voltage levels. Its configuration adjustments are initiated by touch, fusing technology. The design integrates an AC-DC converter, variable regulated power supply, touch control circuit, and short circuit protection, creating a flexible and safe power supply solution.

# SOLUTION COMPONENTS:
- **AC-DC Converter:**
This component efficiently converts AC to DC to power the circuit. It includes a step-down transformer, a bridge rectifier, a low-pass filter circuit, an LED indicator, switch and fuse to ensure efficient and reliable power conversion.
- **Variable Regulated Power Supply Circuit:**
This component provides a stable and adjustable DC output to fulfill diverse voltage requirements. It includes Variable voltage regulator from TI or ADI, and variable voltage control circuits for outputting different voltage levels.
- **Touch Control Circuit:**
This component allows touch-sensitive controls for user interaction.It includes touch sensors (touch plate), digital IC and other circuits to produce control signal for the variable voltage control circuits.
- **Short Circuit Protection Circuit:**
This component ensures the safety of the circuit and the connected devices by detecting and preventing short circuits. It includes current sensors and overcurrent protection components.

# CRITERION FOR SUCCESS:
- **Diverse Voltage Accommodation:**
The power supply circuit should be able to efficiently supply a wide range of DC voltage levels to meet diverse application requirements.
- **Touch Controlled:**
The touch-controlled system should be intuitive and responsive.
- **Short Circuit Protection:**
The circuit should effectively detect and respond to short circuits.
- **Stablity and Reliability:**
* The variable regulated power supply should deliver stable and accurately regulated DC output under varying load conditions.
* The PCB design should be reliable and efficient.

# DISTRIBUTION OF WORK:
- **Weisong Shi & Chaoli Xia (ECE):**
* Design and implement the touch control circuit.
* Develop the algorithm for short circuit detection and protection.
- **Yiyi Wang & Sichen Wang (EE):**
* Design the AC-DC converter circuit, considering efficiency and safety.
* Design the variable regulated power supply circuit, considering the stability and the voltage range.
- All the team members will contribute to the documentation, including circuit diagrams, PCB layouts, and code documentation. We will also collaborate on testing the integrated system to ensure the functionality.

Wireless Charging Table Supporting Multiple Devices with Arbitrary Placement

Kaiwen Cao, Tianyi Han, Tingkai Liu, Zikai Liu

Featured Project

# Wireless Charging Table Supporting Multiple Devices with Arbitrary Placement

# Problem

While more and more device manufacturers adopt wireless charging into their smartphones and headphones, most currently available wireless charging pads only support a single device and require strict alignment between the device and the coil. Misalignment can negatively influence both user experience and charging efficiency. In certain scenarios such as cafeterias, a table that can simultaneously charge multiple devices with arbitrary placement can be useful and COOL, allowing the users to sit wherever they like and to arbitrarily place their devices.

# Solution Overview

We intend to design and manufacture a table with multiple mobile coils placed in an intermediate layer below. Driven by step motors, a tool grabber attaches the coils using electromagnets and drop them in the right place. Computer vision will be used to recognize devices (phones, AirPods, etc.) and guide the chargers to corresponding locations. Once the coil is in place, it will first communicate with the device (Qi protocol) to verify whether the device can be charged wirelessly. If yes, the charging process will start. Otherwise, the coil will be moved back to its original location. The scheduling algorithm ensures the wires get separated and neat.

# Solution Components

* Mechanical subsystem. The main moving component of the system is a large-scale X-Y moving mechanism under the table. The coils will be placed between two panels above the moving mechanism and will be caught and dropped to the right place by the moving tool head. The tool head will be developed with electromagnets or magnets with Z-axis moving capability.

![sketch](https://courses.grainger.illinois.edu/ece445zjui/pace/getfile/18618)

* Vision detection subsystem. This includes a camera and a processing unit. It detects the locations of phones and other chargeable devices and send their positions to the control unit. In real-world settings, pre-installed surveillance cameras may be used as the video source so that no additional camera is required. Embedded GPU (NVIDIA Jetson Nano as a candidate) or cloud service can be used for image processing.

* Power supply control. It is used to control wireless chargers and supply power to devices if and only if the handshake between charger and device is successful. Status will be reported to the central control unit.

* Central control unit and embedded software. According to the output given by the vision detection system or the feedback from the power supply system, the central control unit should move the chargers with proper scheduling algorithm to pair chargers with devices and keep wires of coil separated and neat.

# Criterion for Success

* The vision detection system can localize chargeable device at an accuracy of over 80% and response within 2s.

* The power system can supply powers when a chargeable device is present, and not supply power when the misdetection happens. Correct feedback can be sent to the central control system.

* The mechanical system moves correctly according to the commands given by the central control system.

* The central control system can send correct commands to the mechanical system given the position information from the vision system and the feedback from the power supply system. It should be able to keep wires of charging coil separated.

# Evaluations on Alternative Solutions

The technology of wireless charging emerged some time ago, but its inclusion in commercial devices doesn’t take off until recent years. Intuitively, wireless charging doesn’t bring much additional convenience compared to the wired charging, but its adoption by major manufacturers has proven its value. Similarly, in certain settings such as the cafeteria, charging without alignment may significantly increase user experience, comparing to having only a few fixed charging locations.

An alternative solution to enable table-scale wireless charging is to deploy multiple coils covering the whole table. But it doesn’t solve the alignment problem unless the coils are heavily overlapped, which has been proven to be difficult by already canceled Apple AirPower.